Criminal justice refers to the system by which justice is provided to those who have committed a crime. It includes the crime that a defendant allegedly committed, the law enforcement officers who arrested him, the judicial system that prosecutes and defends him, and how the defendant is punished if convicted. So what exactly is criminal justice? It's not just about law enforcement. It's a whole expanding system that monitors illegal activities, imposes penalties on those who break the law, and works to ensure that violators don't commit crimes again.
The criminal justice system is the network of government and private agencies aimed at administering accused and convicted offenders. The criminal justice system is comprised of multiple interrelated pillars, consisting of academia, law enforcement, forensic services, the judiciary and corrections. These pillars are designed to support the ideals of legal justice. Legal justice is the result of forging the rights of individuals with the corresponding duty of the government to guarantee and protect those rights, which is known as due process.
These constitutional rights cannot be granted or protected without the unwavering commitments of professionals working in the criminal justice system. Consequently, such professionals must submit to the ethical principles of the criminal justice system and demonstrate the persistent integrity of their character. This is achieved with the help of a valuable code of professional ethics that indicates competence, reliability, responsibility and general reliability, when properly managed. Studying criminal justice generally leads to a career in law enforcement, prosecuting, judiciary, or correctional institution.
Some people seek higher education degrees in criminal justice and hope to improve the criminal justice system. Judges handling criminal court indictments in all five boroughs have a small fraction of their usual cases. Such conflicts constitute a delicate balance between a favorable outcome of the criminal justice process and strict observance of the law. Another research initiative is the National Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS-1 and CJ-DATS), conducted by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).
While the criminal justice system has its flaws, it is often subject to reform to create a better system. Chandler, Fletcher and Volkow (200) identified criminal justice stages of entry, prosecution, adjudication, sentencing, corrections and re-entry. In particular, the prosecutor's office is a government office at the state, federal, municipal or county level responsible for filing criminal cases in court. In this way, the Innocence Project seeks to reform the criminal justice system and provide justice to innocent people who are wrongfully convicted.
There are several professionals who dedicate their careers to the correctional branch of criminal justice, where they help supervise and reform convicted offenders. Forensic science involves applying scientific knowledge to analyze physical, behavioral and testimonial evidence used in criminal proceedings. However, in the criminal justice system, only certain professionals are legally mandated to obtain a license or certification from the state. To add to this complexity, there is a lot of diversity among criminal justice populations and within communities.
There are several levels of the criminal justice system currently operating in the United States, including the local level, the state level, and the federal level. Courts can be considered as the part of the criminal justice system in which the guilt or innocence of a suspect is assessed at trial. Whether you're captivated by criminology, fascinated by the legal system, or passionate about the rehabilitation of offenders, there are many things in the criminal justice profession that intrigues you. .