Procedural Law and Substantive Law Procedural law, which refers to the guarantees of certain procedural methods and rules, is distinguished from substantive law, which refers to the rights and duties of daily conduct, such as those related to contract law and civil liability law. Procedural law and substantive law are used in different ways and for different reasons. Whether the matter is civil or criminal, in state or federal court, both types of laws will be involved. The difference between substantive and procedural law is reasonably easy to establish.
Substantive law is the law that creates the right being claimed, or the law under which charges are filed. Procedural law establishes when, where and how claims are made and how the case is handled in court. In some cases, the correct - or incorrect - use of procedural and substantive law can make the difference between wealth and poverty, or between freedom and criminal servitude. Therefore, being able to identify each type of law can be of vital importance.
Procedural law, an Act that prescribes procedures and methods for enforcing rights and duties and for obtaining redress (for example, g. It differs from substantive law (that is, e. Procedural law is a set of established forms to conduct a trial and regulate the events that precede and follow it. It prescribes rules relating to jurisdiction, pleading and practice, jury selection, evidence, appeal, enforcement of judgments, representation of counsel, costs, registration (e.g.
Substantive law and procedural law are the two main categories within the law. Substantive law refers to the set of rules that determine the rights and obligations of individuals and collective bodies. Procedural law is the body of legal rules that govern the process for determining the rights of parties. In short, substantive law says what you can or cannot do.
Procedural law determines how you should do something. While substantive law sets the charges, procedural law is the process through which a case will go from arrest to conviction. For example, if you sue a neighbor for cutting down a tree and letting it fall into your home, it would be a civil case that deals with tort rather than a criminal case that deals with a crime. Make a chart or other type of graphic organizer that explains how substantive law and procedural law work together in a criminal or civil case.
Since the primary purpose of all court proceedings is to determine the truth according to the best available evidence while protecting the rights of all involved, procedural laws of evidence govern the admissibility of evidence and the presentation and testimony of witnesses. Due process refers to the legal rights owed to a person in criminal and civil actions and is supported by the 14th Amendment right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. In the United States, substantive law has been largely adapted from English Common Law, but procedural laws have been developed from the rights set forth in the Constitution. Whether state or federal, civil or criminal, these rules include matters related to the court's jurisdiction to hear the case, the position of the parties to file the lawsuit, and the right place to hear the case.
The part of the law that creates, defines and regulates rights, including, for example, the law on contracts, torts, wills and real property; the essential substance of the rights under the law. In addition, the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws and the American Law Institute have proposed numerous codes and model laws for states to adopt. This time, the district attorney examines the substantive criminal law on assault and battery, and decides that Sally assaulted and mistreated Sue; he files criminal charges against Sally. Like substantive law, procedural law is used in both civil and criminal cases, at the local, state and federal levels.
The judge agrees and Sue's lawsuit is dismissed on the grounds of due process, for failing to comply with procedural law. Substantive law has increased in volume and changed rapidly in the twentieth century as Congress and state legislatures have enacted statutes that displace many common law principles. Procedural law, Act prescribing procedures and methods for enforcing rights and duties and obtaining redress (e). Even if you're not in a profession where legal terms will be dealt with directly, it's still helpful to learn about the basics of the different branches of law.