For a person to be convicted of a crime, it must be proven “beyond a reasonable doubt that he is responsible. There will be a jury in almost every case to help ensure fair and reasonable justice. However, civil cases have lower standards and are easier to prove, since they require fewer tests. Civil and criminal cases consider violations of people's rights and who is at fault.
However, they differ in structure, burden of proof, and penalties. Civil law and criminal law are two large and separate legal entities with separate sets of laws and punishments. In criminal cases, offenders receive punishment through jail time and fines. In civil cases, monetary compensation is the most common sanction.
The court can also order someone to do something (such as paying child support) or to stop doing something (such as bullying). You'll likely have more follow-up questions, so let's dive into some of the basic differentiators between civil and criminal law. A civil case begins when a person or entity (such as a corporation or the government), called the plaintiff, claims that another person or entity (the defendant) has failed to perform a legal duty owed to the plaintiff. As in the previous example of assault and battery, criminal charges are punishable by fines, imprisonment and other penalties, while the lawsuit focuses on recovering money to compensate the victim (or his family) for damages.
Criminal lawsuits, however, involve specific felonies and misdemeanors with attached punishment. A defendant in a civil case is found liable or not for damages, whereas in a criminal case the defendant may or may not be found guilty. It could be that the same act of abuse was a violation of criminal law for which you can go to jail, but that act harms an individual person. Criminal cases involve an action that is considered harmful to society as a whole (therefore, they are considered crimes against the state or the jurisdiction of the prosecutor's office).
Whereas, in the case of civil law, the losing party has to reimburse the plaintiff, the amount of the loss determined by the judge and is called punitive damages. In addition, there are times when a criminal act can result in civil liability, such as when someone is charged with homicide and also sued for wrongful death (which usually follows the completion of criminal proceedings). For other matters, or to learn more about the difference between civil and criminal cases, contact a litigation and appeals lawyer in your area today. Criminal cases require the prosecution to convince the jury that the defendant is guilty “beyond a reasonable doubt.
Simpson was acquitted in his criminal trial for the murder of his ex-wife Nicole Simpson and their friend, Ron Goldman.